Crystal Palace printed in 1863

The brainchild of a German immigrant, New York's Crystal Palace was built in the early 1850s as an exhibition hall. Inspired by London's famous Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, entrepreneur and promoter Christian E. Detmold had a dream to erect a similar venue in the United States...
E Aschermann Skat Club Cigars

Born in Germany in 1834, Edward Aschermann emigrated to the United States around the age of sixteen. Quickly assimilating as a new immigrant, Aschermann didn't wait very long to establish his own cigar making business. As early as 1859 Aschermann opened his first factory....
Author's Rendition of a Hussey's Special Message Post Messenger En Route

Long before the days of email, faxes, Federal Express, and electronic wire transfers there existed Hussey's Instant Special Message Post. The brainchild of George Tuttle Hussey, his business provided same day delivery service of important documents and negotiable instruments...
Samuel Hart & Co Tokens

Samuel Hart and his playing cards are legendary in the history of American playing cards for both the sport and the pastime. Hart is credited with introducing many innovations and improvements that have become standard features of playing cards sold today throughout the...
John Hanna Tobacconist, Detroit, Michigan

As early as the middle of the 16th Century, less than 100 years after Columbus’ journey to the new world, tobacco was readily farmed and consumed by Europeans who voyaged and settled in the Americas. Long cultivated by Native Americans, Europeans quickly adopted a knack for growing it...

An enigma has long existed about the origin of the Vote the Land Free token. Many numismatists believed it originated from the abolitionist Free Soil Party. A new theory explores if it was issued by the National Reform Association - a slightly earlier and short-lived movement....
WW Wilbur Slave Auctioneer

William Ward Wilbur was a 19th century merchant who owned and operated a commission-house on King Street in Charleston, South Carolina. There he sold real estate, properties, stocks, bonds, and other negotiable instruments. But most abhorrent - Wilbur was a slave auctioneer...

Our nation’s first interstate traversed through Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. Known by several names, including the "National Road," The Cumberland Road," and the "North-Western Turnpike," it was the United States’ first fully paved highway...
Nathan C. Folger, New Orleans, 1850s

Of the many token varieties listed in Wright, Adams, Miller, and Rulau, few are as challenging to attribute than the merchant token varieties of Nathan C. Folger. Numismatists will find that this is not because Folger's emissions consist of a vast number of obscure differences ...

In the latter half of the 18th century, adequate circulating copper coins throughout the UK were in dire shortage. Private tokens known as Conders were struck to meet the public's need for low-denominated copper. This guide catalogs a significant portion of these Conder tokens...