Panoramic of Columbia, South Carolina c.1859, Augustus Grinevald

Speculation has long existed that the R.E. Russell storecard was struck for a New York City business. Featuring Lewis Feuchtwanger's iconic eagle design, the merchant's actual whereabouts has long been a numismatic mystery......

On or about the early 1820s Richard Trested, an English immigrant, established a die-sinking business at 70 William Street in New York City†. For approximately eight years thereafter, Trested operated his die-sinking business

Most collectors of Hard Times Tokens and Store Cards are aware of the one cent pieces made by Dr. Lewis Feuchtwanger. Other more experienced collectors may be aware of the three cent pieces made by the same.

Feuchtwanger’s Composition Cent – Attribution & Die Marriages

After the panic of 1837 and the subsequent 5 year depression thereafter known as the Hard Times, Lewis Feuchtwanger, a pharmacist, issued tokens made of German Silver, an alloy primarily made of copper, nickel, tin, and zinc.